To put it another way, 99% correct is 100% incorrect.


To get any long term benefit from Forms training we need to be able to develop good focus, we need to pay attention.

If our focus is split then we will make very poor progress, mentally prepare yourselves to do the work, clear your head, sit down with a cup of tea or coffee and spend 30 minutes thinking about what you are going to do before beginning.

One thing to think about is exactly when does something change from being correct to be incorrect?

My first job was as an apprentice Toolmaker, an Engineer, when we made something it always had a tolerance level between acceptance and throw it in the bin, usually give or take a couple of “thousands of an inch”.

.001 tolerance, one-tenth of one per cent.

If something is 1% incorrect it is completely incorrect.

1% incorrect is the equivalent of 99% correct.

To put it another way, 99% correct is 100% incorrect.

Focus on just what you are doing.



I will also post this video and all future videos on the ISOLATION TRAINING ADVICE PAGE to make it easy to find if you wish to review it.

Feel free to comment or even contact me if you need anything clarified.








Firstly here are some suggestions on how to prepare for the lockdown.


It is obvious that sooner or later Australia will enter lockdown as the rest of the world is doing right now.

I will put together some video’s to help us keep our heads in the game when we are unable to train in person.


Firstly here are some suggestions on how to prepare for the lockdown.



I will build a separate page to house the new videos.


At the moment it is impossible to say when I will close the school, but if the governments close normal schools I will close ours.

Safety must be the main priority.


As bad as it may seem, it could help us all move forwards, remember Isaac Newton, he faced a similar problem and came up trumps.








Perhaps the problem is not the act of “Kicking” but rather what we think the act of “Kicking” is?


This is a reposting from 6 months ago, the reason for the re-post is because we are here again, kicking causes such confusion for some students.


One thing that has always confused me has been the role of kicking in a ‘FIST’ art like Wing Chun.

Is it necessary, should it even be there?

What is the historical perspective?

If we go to the Kuen Kuit to get assistance there is practically nothing related to kicking, this is more than odd I think, especially as the Kuen Kuit is the repository of Wing Chun’s original wisdom.

Somewhat concerning is the fact that one of the only times the Kuen Kuit cleary references kicking is in the line “Kicks lose nine times out of ten”, this does not sound much like a positive credit.

The Kuen Kuit also says “Learning the usual ways will allow later variations”.

It just appears that the usual way did not favour kicking.

There are many situations within the ‘Canon’ of Wing Chun were things that make up the backbone of our work begin to fall apart, even contradict themselves, I believe that this is a conflict of translation over interpretation.

My teacher {Jim} Fung Chuen Keung would often say that some things in Wing Chun defy translation to English, if we take this to its ultimate conclusion we westerners that depend on such translations are all, and quite possibly always, wrong, the only option available is a personal interpretation of what is a very cryptic, and incorrectly translated Kuen Kuit.

People, being people, this fluidity leads to ‘Cherry Picking’.

Is it possible that kicking entered Wing Chun because Ip Man was very small, did he elevate kicking because it afforded him the potential of extra distance?

Perhaps the problem is not the act of “Kicking” but rather what we think the act of “Kicking” is?

There is a tendency amongst many Wing Chun commentators to forget that everything we do has a very real physical purpose that supersedes any pseudo – mechanical or semi-mystical deep thinking.

The product supersedes the process.

Any kick has a job to do, and that job has very little to do with how we move our limbs, it is all about distance control, contact, cause and effect, hurting the Bad Guy.

Wing Chun is a ‘Close Range’ fighting style, kicks, on the other hand, are at best mid-range, more often than not long-range.

Approaching kicking as something we do with ourselves as opposed to something we do to an attacker is a road to nowhere.

What do we think a kick is?

Does it fit the Wing Chun ethos?

First and foremost and something that needs to be contemplated deeply is that “Kicking” is effectively fighting on one leg.

It requires exquisite levels of skill to remain in balance on one leg during a dynamic exchange, a lack of balance leads to a lack of power.

A wider and more generalised consensus we can be comfortable with could be…

A blow delivered to an opponent by a foot of shin that has built its energy from a swinging leg.

Kicking is an overt attacking move, often pre-emptive, all eggs in one basket kind of approach, it is difficult to align this with the Kuen Kuit’s ‘he attacks first, but I strike first’ which is alluding to a counter-attack.

Nowhere in any of the Wing Chun Forms does this type of movement exist, in both the Chum Kiu and the Biu Gee it is the body that moves and not the leg.

In Chum Kiu practice we are advised that the extension of the leg must not compromise our balance that we should be able to maintain balance with the leg extended.

This position, this one-legged stance if you wish is called the “Hanging Horse”.

This is a static, solid, stable position that if an attacker walks into is the equivalent of a bike rider hitting a parked car.

If the timing is correct and the attacker makes contact at the exact time that the position is established the exchange of momentum would be almost perfect and extremely powerful.

Seeing this take place from an outside vantage point would look very much like a consensus kick, a swinging leg.

Like so many other aspects of Wing Chun what appears to be is never what is, this can only be taught hands-on, and validated through experience.

I realise that many people reading this will to some extent disagree, and that is cool as I said at the beginning “I am one of those that are in favour of each of us making our interpretation of the work we do, forging our own path ” and of course there is valid and effective leg work in Wing Chun, it is just not kicking.

In Wing Chun we are informed and influenced by an IDEA, to be expected the same IDEA that informs and influences our arms informs and influences our legs.

We do not swing our arms around or hammer them into the opponent’s arms do we, this alone should raise a few flags.

“Greet what comes in, follow what goes out”.

Like the bike rider and the parked car, we offer a place for the opponent’s energy to exhaust itself under Newtons Third Law and the Law of Momentum Conservation.

We then step forward and finish them off.

This is shown in all its simplicity in the Chum Kiu and Biu Gee leg movements, there is no need to add anything.


KICKING IN A FIST ART. from WC INCa’s on Vimeo.


“Greet what comes in, follow what goes out”.

We call this “Jamming”, to anyone that does not understand the finer points this can look just like kicking and as such is frequently taught as kicking with all of its overt, overcommitted implications.

When it comes to a personal assessment of the validity and effectiveness of kicking, I must admit to holding a bias on this point, my first 20 years in the Martial Arts I followed styles that did not need kicking to get a favourable result, Boxing, Ju-Do, Bu-Jutsu.

Add to this that throughout my teenage years, the “soccer hooligan’ years of the 1970s in the U.K. On the occasions when everything went ‘Pear Shaped’ I consistently fared much better against people that tried to kick me than I did against non-kickers.

This, of course, could also be that many people, back then and today, try to kick because they have little confidence or ability in striking.

The more I think about and the more I study Wing Chun I am drawn to the conclusion that overt attacking kicking does not have a rightful place in this art, I know many people will disagree, many have in the past, but in today’s time-poor training world I think we should question the value of training something that the Kuen Kuit says fails 9 times out of 10.

This is not me saying do not train to kick, if you think you need it then train it, I just think that it is a little bit of an illegal import.

A final thought, FIGHTING ON ONE LEG.

Apart from 1970s Shaw Bros movies, this is something that no one with any sense would choose over fighting on two legs.

It’s a balance thing.

Even the most highly accomplished of kickers, Baas Rutten and Benny “the Jet” Urquidez { if these guys are unknown to you hit up YouTube} to name just two of my all-time faves would, on occasion fail and fall down, thankfully in that environment the opponent was prevented from jumping up and down on their heads.

In the street ???????








It was a case of Deja Poo.

I have heard that shit before.


A recent phone call from a prospective student surprised me because the first thing he asked was “Do you do Internal or External Wing Chun”?

I was not aware that there was now officially an “External Wing Chun”.

I informed him that I do not know what he is talking about and advised him to use Google.

It was a case of Deja Poo.

I have heard that shit before.

Late last year I had a guy come to one of our group lessons at the Studio, he told me that he had 5 years Wing Chun training with an inner Sydney school but wanted to find somewhere closer to home.

Most of our work here at W.C.S. Is about developing a stable structure and good mobility, it is not unusual on any night for all levels to be working with the pole, doing footwork drills, working on accepting heavy loads in Chi Sau or Chum Kiu analysis or using resistance bands to condition and understand how to efficiently and effectively organise our body.

From the outset, the guy struggled with poor fitness and bad co-ordination, his structure and the ability to maintain his shape under pressure were at a low level considering he had trained for 5 years.

His ability and proficiency were generally poor and as the night wore on he looked more than a little disappointed in himself.

At the end of the session, I asked if he would be making another visit and he declined, mentioning that he was not looking to do ‘External’ Wing Chun.

When I asked why he thought we did ‘External’ Wing Chun and why it was any different to what he did at his other school, he said that our type of training required too much effort.

While it is true that my students have been known to break a sweat our training intensity would only be that of a brisk 3 KLM walk.

Our Wing Chun does not use or require excessive effort, just natural movement, natural fitness and natural muscular strength, something I believe is common with all Wing Chun.

In a real-world situation, which is ultimately the only thing that matters, all Wing Chun is the same, just Wing Chun.

We can do it with a soft body, unstable joints and very little movement, or we can do it with a conditioned body, stabilised joints and dynamic movement.

There is some real rubbish out there being flogged off as Wing Chun and it does none of us any favours.

Below are a couple of Videos on things we do to lightly condition ourselves, and understand Human Bio-Mechanics.









the Knives and the Pole are not genuine weapon systems, they are just Wing Chun weight training.


Following on from K.Starr’s post on “Training for Mistakes”, if you have not seen it here is a link to it

Here at W.C.S. We frequently try to put this advice into action, the default method of training against partner resistance is a good place to start but it is basic and if we are thinking “Schools and Education” it would fit somewhere around the late primary school level.

I have maintained for years that the Knives and the Pole are not genuine weapon systems, they are just Wing Chun weight training.

With the amount of free information available to us from people like Kelly Starrett, we are doing ourselves no favours by continually looking backwards.

When people refer to me and say ‘his Wing Chun is external, physical’, they completely miss the point. It is only our training that is physical, humans are physical beings.




What we train is what we use.

If our overriding priority is to relax, what cues are we sending to our muscles with regards to action?

Why are we training in a certain way?   To have a certain outcome?

These movements are behaviours that we are trying to reinforce, practise does not make perfect, practice makes permanent.

Are we training for behaviour change, or are we only training to accomplish a task?

If it was in any way possible to create dynamic power by relaxing or moving slowly and softly why don’t Olympic weightlifters use this technique?

What are we really training to defeat?  In my mind, it is the impractical silliness that is so often found in Kung Fu.

Many Wing Chun people are training relaxation, training mind power, here at W.C.S. We train to hit really hard.








Excerpts from a great training session


“He who can handle the quickest rate of change survives.” Lt. Colonel John Boyd


The Saturday morning senior class really smacked it out of the park this week, frequently I will let the camera run through the session hoping that we will get something good, usually, it is a struggle, the pace of teaching/training is very different than the pace of presenting.

But not this week.

We were hoping to hit three topics with the same session,

  1. understanding the O.O.D.A. Loop.
  2. Creating distractions to facilitate the O.O.D.A. Loop.
  3. Reverse engineering a few of our favourite moves to see where we think they come from, Forms, Chi Sau, Drills that type of stuff.

It was the third aspect that got everyone ticking, so much that I have about 90 minutes of video footage to work through.

This is just a taste, it may look a bit weird if you are not at the level of Sam, Costas and George, who are all junior master level practitioners, but the skill here is top-notch and they are trying hard not to hurt each other.







 “Understanding the real and implied geometry of Wing Chun”


These geometric concepts of Wing Chun are presented in relatively fixed positions and shapes congruent with their respective Forms but they need to translate to all Forms



We had a great nights training on Monday, it was very theory-heavy but all the guys were up for it so it was a real eye-opener and very enjoyable as the teacher.

This post is, on the whole, a memory aid for my guys to go back and refresh their thinking because there was way too much information to take in in one evening.

Theory can be dry, and it is always tricky because only people with genuine fighting experience understand that theory and reality are in no way related, so we mixed it up with a lot of live contacts to feel the IDEA.

Of equal importance, we worked hard on creating a language to describe the work that we could all understand.

One of if not the first theory we encounter is “Centreline Theory”.

What is a centreline?

The definition of a Centreline is a line that bisects a plane.

The Wing Chun Centreline bisects the Coronal or Frontal plane of our body dividing us into left and right sides.

An imaginary line connecting ourselves to an opponent is not a centre-line, this is a common misunderstanding that leads people down the wrong path, in theory, our Centreline acts like a plane {Sagitalplane} extending forwards so it is easy to see how this confusion arises.

The use of the term Centre-line for a line from person to person is a misnomer it would be easier to grasp if we called it centre plane.

If this is confusing ask yourself “If a line from myself to my opponent is a centreline, what plane is it the centre of? What and where are the two halves”?

This may seem like a triviality but if we do not understand what a Centreline is how can we understand Centreline Theory?

This line that our perception creates that we think links us to an opponent can be anything we want it to be because it does not exist, I like to think of it as the line of mass, this IDEA can tie into other aspects of our strategy and theory.

Line of Mass is just a name we came up with on the night, if it does not work for you pick a different name, just not Centreline.

The reason I chose Line of mass is that irrespective of what type of movement is being used the opponent’s body mass follows this line, and as for ourselves, this is how we promote our body mass toward an attacker even as we appear to be avoiding an attack or moving away.

Then there is the attack- line, this is a line that runs fro the shoulder or the hip of an attacker in toward us.

An opponents attack aways finishes at a point on this line, even from a wildly swinging punch or kick, redirecting this line, and not the arm/fist/weapon using this line is the purpose of our defensive manoeuvres.

Intercepting the attack line and not the arm/leg is the most effective way to defend.

Chi Sau helps us identify and understand this and it also shows us how to create diagonal movement by the use of circular arm motion and curved arm paths.

The proximal to distal {in to out} direction of our action is always in a straight line even from a curved movement, i.e. Bong Sau travels in a straight line.

Try to not confuse straight with being parallel or perpendicular to an external reference point.

Single Arm Chi Sau essentially moves or redirects an intercepted attack-line up and down on our centre-line.

Double Arm Chi Sau moves or redirects an attack-line from the “inside gate” out to the periphery of our structure or from the outside of our structure into our centre effectively breaking both the attack-line and the line of mass of our attacker.

In a real-world application, we would combine a little of both IDEAs, for example in toward the CL and down or out away from the CL and up.

In a poorly trained person, the attack-line is rarely separated from the line of mass.

As a Wing Chun fighter on the attack, we cannot maximise our output if we do not understand the geometry and how to combine the line of mass with the attack-line while at the same time creating torque through “muscular” rotation.

These geometric concepts of Wing Chun are presented in relatively fixed positions and shapes congruent with their respective Forms but they need to translate to all Forms, all planes and directions of action, this is the heart of the work.

This is one of the principal learning objectives of Chum Ku, understanding how to support the actions {arm shapes} with our body mass as we make contact with an opponent.

Anything that makes contact with an opponent in any way, either defending or attacking creates a bridge and as such is Chum Kiu.


The following video is not the best I have ever done if you are a visitor I apologise, for us INCas it is a fairly accurate representation of what we worked on all week, I will repost it to the BODYWORK page so you can revisit easily.