Try to watch this video a couple of times before your next training, and of course, find time to work the movements.

Things will make sense a lot quicker and sink in a lot easier if you have this in your head.

Stay Frosty.





What message are we sending ourselves if we are trying to engage an opponent at medium to long-distance?

As you guys all know I believe that the most important attribute for a Martial Artist is honesty.

So honestly…

…does kicking have a genuine place in a Close – Quarter Combat style such as Wing Chun?

Let me clarify this when I say kicking I am talking about using our leg or foot as a primary attack weapon.

My teacher, Jim Fung {Chuen Keung} was an astonishing kicker and I witnessed some spectacular demos of his ability over the 17 years I trained under him, refer to the picture above to get some idea.

The thing is that kicks like the one above are, by my Sifu’s own admission, NOT Wing Chun.

He did them for the show, to attract more business because it was the type of thing new students wanted, and he always wanted new students.

Kung Fu Movie stuff.

But he was good at it.

Without starting a ‘Bun Fight’ over what is or is not Wing Chun kicking, because it really does not matter in the bigger picture, only results matter, surviving street violence is not an Olympic sport, no one is keeping score or awarding points.

However, if we claim to be doing Wing Chun then we should train Wing Chun.

Because ultimately it is not about Wing Chun kicking, it is about understanding the thinking behind Wing Chun kicking.

Those elusive ‘CONCEPTS’, that ‘Little IDEA”.

If, as we all repeatedly say, Wing Chun is a Concept Driven Fist Fighting style {KUEN} our theatre of operations is, at most, where we play Chi Sau, touching distance.

What message are we sending ourselves if we are training to engage an opponent at medium to long-distance?

I have always believed that Wing Chun is a ‘clever’ Martial Art, so let us take a clever approach to {sic} ‘Kicking’.

The video below was originally intended as the intro to a larger discussion on the merits of kicking, but I think that it is a good enough thought exercise to be viewed as stand-alone information, as a primer for the bigger picture of what is to come regarding how Wing Chun people use their legs in a violent situation.

As always, Y.M.M.V.




What is being taught is not correct but it is relatively easy to nudge it in the right direction if we know what to look for, and we are honest with ourselves.

I am still busy writing the e-book that I spoke of some months ago, writing an E-Book that actually has useable, honest information, is a very long-drawn-out process, longer than my first E-book by a country mile.

It is very clear to me that I will need to do an accompanying Video, or perhaps just commit the whole thing to video to bring clarity to some of the more, let’s say semi-controversial, deep or weird aspects of the training.

Here is the lead-in to my Chapter explaining Biu Gee, feedback is welcome.

What we were told as the history of Wing Chun is more and more being brought into doubt, recent research from respected professional Social Science Researchers has shed light in some dark corners, Ip Man is looking more and more quixotic.


Hassan-i Sabbāh. 1034–1124

S.L.T. ‘C’. section.     BUI GEE.

As with Chum Kiu, it is important that we do not consider the Biu Gee to be a new Form but more a new dance, or even better some new moves to an old dance.

 If we can do this, once we get past the dance and have time to think about the moves of the Biu Gee, it actually helps to make Wing Chun smaller.

Observing how a certain movement from the first Form is expanded in the Chum Kiu and then transformed further in the Biu Gee lets us make the connections needed for the whole system to become one movement, one IDEA.


A brief chat about what is publicly presented as Biu Gee, especially on YouTube.

Biu Gee is often referred to as being secret information that must not pass outside the door of the school.

 Although I do not believe in there being secret information in Wing Chun I am comfortable with the idea that early Wing Chun Schools wanted to keep their best bits to themselves and as such used disinformation so that other styles would not have knowledge that could allow them to win in a fight.

Especially at the time of the Hong Kong Rooftop Challenge Fights in the 1950s.

There was potentially so much Face to be lost.

 So not really secret, more likely just obscured from outsiders.

It makes a lot of sense not to allow your enemies to know what you do, but how do we keep it all to ourselves, how can we teach publicly without exposing our knowledge?

Junior students always talk to their friends, always try to show how their style is superior, they show everything that they have been taught, repeat everything that they have been told, in this day and age it is Youtube, nothing is held back.

If we are genuinely working on ways to defeat our opponents what would we do if we knew the opponent was listening to our lessons?

We would disguise all the information in a way that sounds correct but in reality, would never work.

This is mainstream Wing Chun today.

What most of the world thinks is Wing Chun is not the whole truth, in fact, I believe that it is deliberately misrepresented.

Is it at all possible to teach broken Wing Chun and yet somehow have the students learn the truth?  

This is the myth behind the whole closed-door student thing, in public, they were taught broken Wing Chun then behind closed doors, it was corrected.

I do not think that this is likely, it would be too confusing, but what I think is a real possibility is that the serious students were told clearly that everything was broken and that the real work was to explore what they were taught and understand why and where it was broken.

Learn how to fix it, or at the least come back to their Sifu with their findings so that he could put them on the right path.

If as students we believe everything we are told we have voluntarily accepted the disinformation.

Yes, the magic “broken” Wing Chun will appear to work really well in theory, in training, even in demonstrations it will appear to be unbelievably good.

‘One Inch Punch’ good?

 Disinformation fails if it does not appear to be true.

Wing Chun is fighting and fighting is not that complicated.

Unless someone has never had a genuine violent experience it is patently obvious that most of what is passed off as Wing Chun will fail and fail instantly against even a moderately combat-experienced fighter of any style.

It is not a long way wrong, but it is wrong enough, some vital information is missing.

But the truth is out there, in fact, it is right here in front of us in plain view.

 We call it Biu Gee.

 The correction formula that teaches us how to nudge broken Wing Chun into the art we all hope it is.

The ideas presented in the first two Forms will not work correctly without the oil and grease that can only be found in Biu Gee.

 It was always meant to be this way.

 Only loyal, dedicated students trained long enough to be shown Biu Gee.

 Dedication and loyalty to the school got the gravy.

But in this time-poor, ‘please feed me’ world that we live in, especially when we are paying serious coin to the Wing Chun School to provide a service, very few students undertake the real work.

 It is not the student’s fault, they more than likely were not told it was broken, many Instructors that set themselves up as Sifu are unknowingly teaching broken Wing Chun.

It is not their fault either, for they did not realise that they were teaching broken Wing Chun they simply passed on their Sifu’s disinformation in the way it was passed to them.

Generations of effective disinformation.

What is being taught is not correct but it is relatively easy to nudge it in the right direction if we know what to look for, and we are honest with ourselves.

Our Sifu or Sigung cannot teach us anything, only point us in the right direction, we must do the work in our own way and find our own Wing Chun.

There was a time in my training when my Sifu said to me…

  …“When you come to my class it should be to get your homework marked and not to ask for my help with your training”.

I very much doubt that I was the only one of his students he said this to.

No secret information here.




A painting of a Horse never won the Melbourne Cup.

There is a saying that my Sifu used, and many other Sifus still use that I absolutely and completely disagree with….  Wing Chun is easy to learn but difficult to Master, maybe like so many things in Wing Chun this saying simply does not translate clearly into English, because in English this statement is an Oxymoron.

To master something we must first learn it, if it is easy, it is easy.

Improving in any Martial Art, but especially Wing Chun is not really about the physical training, it is not about power production or dexterity, it is not about footwork or punching, it is not about Chi Sau or Forms but these are the things that consume our time, this is what we consider to be ‘THE WORK’.

But is it?

I know from experience that in the Chaos of a street fight there is precious little thinking going on, it is only in hindsight that we can garner an idea of what we did to survive.

Only once we are safe at home do we try to retrofit those actions to reflect our training.

As if it was even important.

Only the outcome is ever important.

An interesting thought exercise is to ask ‘does reaching Master Level have anything in common with surviving violence’?

These oblique ideas need to be justified if we truly wish to be in control of our own training and have it fulfil the role we wish it to play.

How do we do this, how do we shape our involvement and as such propel our training to the top level?

How do we become masters?

Many people here in Australia who practice Wing Chun focus the majority of their training on the Siu Nim Tao Form, which if it works for you is just fine but how do you know it is the best approach if it is the only approach you use?  

We benefit in any endeavour by using multiple approaches, by having different expectations, it may be cliche´ but it’s true that…

“If you always do what you have always done, you will always get what you have always gotten”…

…so hoping to achieve upwards momentum by continually working on one small aspect of a large system is a bit of a pipe dream.

I believe that working on only one Form, and this could be any Form, is procrastination, it is lazy,  growth and improvement require feeding with a complex diet, they need dynamic involvement. 

A painting of a Horse never won the Melbourne Cup.

There is another relatively large stumbling block when it comes to advancing in Wing Chun, most of the important learning objectives are achieved by working out how to not do certain things.

Such as not fighting force, not creating tension in the body, not using overt strength so the real difficulty becomes how do we learn how to not do something by actively doing something else?

This is quite a conundrum.

Anchoring our training in any single activity is self-limiting, self-defeating. 

Each Form has a core learning objective often multiple core learning objectives that only begin to make sense once they are viewed in relationship to the whole.  

For instance what does the Siu Nim Tao teach us about moving our body or accepting force?  

What does Chum Kiu teach us about driving our energy out to the edges of the Body or Core winding.  

What does Biu Gee teach us about moving around and negotiating an opponent? 

What does the Dummy Form teach us about extending our awareness and energy out to power a weapon?

What do the Knives or Pole Forms teach us about stillness?

Ultimately we must ask ourselves what does Wing Chun teach us about anything that is not in itself Wing Chun?  

If we can even come close to answering this we could follow it up by asking “what are we doing about this”?

Perhaps ask “what are we training for”?

When the brown gets airborne and the fan shares it around it will not be two people playing Wing Chun.

Every event is the sum of its parts, even if we are faultless, peerless, immaculate, any situation we find ourselves in will be at best 50% Wing Chun and 50% some nutter trying to hurt us.

Do we understand that the map is not the territory?

Alfred Korzybski, an early 20th-century semantics scientist and philosopher, stated that the map is not the territory. He believed that individuals don’t have absolute knowledge of reality. Instead, they have a set of beliefs built up over time about reality. People’s beliefs about reality and their awareness (their map) is not reality itself (the territory). 

 Be nice until it’s time to not be nice. Dalton




It is just us doing some stuff by using our ‘Body’.

Monday evening I was hosting a small group session with Kunal and Rick.

Kunal has only just returned since the beginning of the lockdowns so there was a good deal of chatter and updating going on.

While trying to explain my “Only one body, only one movement, only one thought” IDEA, Kunal had a lightbulb moment.

He said…

“It is like if I made 12 models of myself in different positions, squatting, lunging, throwing a ball and that kind of stuff when people who knew me saw one of the models, a different model for each person, they would say there is a model of Kunal.

They would not say there is a model of Kunal lunging or squatting or throwing a ball”.

They would see me because every model was me, always the same ‘Body’ doing the different things”.

Mr K. Nailed it.

At first, this does not sit right in our head but this is something to engage with, to think deeply about.

Whatever position we are in, whatever shape we adopt or whatever action we are involved in we are doing it with the same Body.

Our Body is always just our Body if we are standing up, laying down, running up a hill or falling off of a chair.

The shape of our ‘Body’ is always the same no matter what we are doing.

Body shaped.

Thinking that we need to relate to our bodies differently in different situations is a trap that many students fall for, with no understanding of why or where that idea came from.

It most certainly does not come from me.

As I said, Kunal nailed it.

It is just us doing some stuff by using our ‘Body’.

Once we understand how our ‘Body’ operates, we instantly and effortlessly adapt it to different needs without any apparent conscious input.

If we are playing a game that requires us to pass someone a ball to begin, if they are close it is simply ‘here you go’ from our hand to theirs.

If they are a metre or two away it is a soft and gentle loop, if they are four or five metres from us it is an overhand throw.

No need to think, just ‘pass f***ing the ball’.

How does this happen? 

Because we all know that it does happen.

Why did we not need to make deliberate changes to our body shape or our thinking and strategy to make the different actions?

Just as in the last video, I got Knunal and Rick to walk around the room keeping a ball balanced on the back of their hand.


They even started doing a little jig without dropping the ball.

No overt thinking is involved.

Just a clear, simple, intention.

Nothing we do in training is trying to teach us Wing Chun.

It is trying to help us organise our thinking and movement into a coherent whole.

Once we see this it is simply a case of moving the Bad Guy’s hand out of the way and hitting him.

I hear you ask.

How do we move the Bad Guy’s hand away?

My answer.

How do we open a door?

Bring this up next time you train and perhaps you will have a lightbulb moment.

The WORK then becomes how do we keep the light on’?







These are not real divisions but for now, they are all we have to work with.

HEY GUYS, listen up.

Wing Chun has two distinct sides, let us call them the physical and the non-physical.

These are not real divisions but for now, they are all we have to work with.

This post may not make a lot of sense to some of you, especially the newer guys, but that is fine, it is a primer for the work ahead.

A placeholder until you catch up.

If it does not make sense do not try to force it, just allow it to sit in your head and grow like soft cheese left in the fridge for too long.

That day may not be this day.

But that day will come.

And it will be wonderful.

Hold fast my hearties.

Stay the course.





All Martial Art styles come about to answer a specific yet local problem.

Chi Sau is both an exceptional learning drill and a uniquely social ‘training hall’ game.

From a practical perspective, if we find ourselves in a violent situation while also being in the position or shape that we play Chi Sau we are in the wrong place at the wrong time.

We have well and truly stepped in ‘IT’.

If we are in ‘IT’ our priority must be to get out of ‘IT’, and not to start rolling with our attacker.

This is a no-brainer, so what does it say about Chi Sau Trapping?

It is all so “stand and deliver”.

Does it have a practical application or is it just a way to enhance the GAME aspect of Chi Sau?

Is it something that was once useful but is now surplus to requirements?

All Martial Art styles come about to answer a specific yet local problem.

If the local problem is that attackers rush in hey diddle-diddle and attack the centre, then that’s what the style seeks to deal with.

If the local problem changes or another problem comes to the fore, the Martial Art styles evolve to keep pace.

Untrained people very rarely attack head-on, attacking straight down the centre is an indication of training.

In Wing Chun, we talk about our shape and set-up as superior to the basic side-on stance of other Kung Fu styles as it gives us better access to our defences and attacks.

It would appear from this that the local problem Wing Chun was facing was other Kung Fu styles that used a side-on stance and attacked down the middle.

This is exactly what Dr Leung Jan would have faced when he formulated Wing Chun back in the 1860s during the unrest caused by the Taiping Rebellion.

But I digress, this is about Chi Sau trapping.

We stand face to face in the same position as our partner.

The local problem now is a mirror image of ourselves and not a side-on stance Kung Fu opponent.

This can lead us into thinking that Chi Sau trapping only works when playing the game of Chi Sau.

To a certain extent, this is true, how we do what we do in Chi Sau, only works in the default Chi Sau position.

A positions which, as I have said, we should immediately change if we do find ourselves in.

There is no doubt that ‘Trapping’ is more than useful when playing Chi Sau, but does it teach us anything that can transpose to a violent confrontation?

The short answer is ‘yes’, but do we know what to look for?

In some ways, the ‘Game’ of Chi Sau is not correct or proper Wing Chun, even though it is a central aspect of our training.

We defend with both arms, a Wing Chun no-no.

We strike while our arms are in contact, ignoring Lut Sau Jik Chung when the hands are FREE strike through.

 We voluntarily give away the superior position afforded by our set-up, giving our partner access to all of their defences and attacks and as a result, putting ourselves in a compromised position.

It is all so wrong.

How can this be, is this meant to happen?

As I often say, the real work is to recognise moveable, transposable patterns.

We must also recognise that some things and shapes are just a framework to allow the drill to revolve and repeat.

We must learn how to separate the WHEAT from the CHAFF.

Chi Sau is not, as is easy to forget, double-arm rolling it is simultaneous single-arm rolling.

Traps and locks where we pin our partner to our arm are a convenience of the game, in practical usage, we would be pinning the opponent’s arm to themselves as we applied our body weight with the deliberate aim of compromising their balance, {and of course, hit them with our FREE hand}.

It is this aspect of Chi Sau trapping that is the WHEAT.

This is the IDEA to take away from the play.

The breaking of the opponents defencive structure, and the introduction of instability.

The Wing Chun trained person always aims to be in the ‘position of dominance’.

A position where we have better access to our defences and attacks than our opponent.

There can be only one reason a Wing Chun trained person would be in violent contact with another person, and that is we are under attack and in real danger of physical harm.

In this case, every contact that we initiate needs to do one of two things.

  1. Cause severe pain or if possible injury.
  2. Takeaway the attacker’s balance, no balance = no power.

Luckily simultaneous attack and defence allow us to do both.

 The pins and latches that make the game of Chi Sau so much fun transpose effortlessly into a method for keeping our attacker continuously out of balance.

A never-ending rotation of pin/hit, latch/hit, press/hit, pull/hit.

Rinse and repeat.

Man overboard!

Lost at sea.

It is only politeness and respect for our training partner that prevents us from clearly seeing that this is the real power of Chi Sau trapping as we hurl them around the training space.

If you touch them, move them.






 Even when we think we have discovered something amazing we should tear it down and rebuild it.

Wing Chun Forms are not Kata, they are not Shadow Boxing Sets, they are not anything concrete but instead are a kind of shifting puzzle.

At first, they appear as a Jig Saw, here are the pieces here is the picture, make it. 

But later they become much more like a Lego set, here are the bricks build it, once we have completed the picture on that box we can take it apart and make another shape, instead of Big Ben we can make a train engine, very different model but the same bricks.

No matter how challenging or interesting a Jig Saw is, once it has been done, it has been done, and there is a considerable drop off in the involvement with that puzzle from that point on.

 Lego on the other hand can be reutilised, can be added to, there is even the chance to work without plans to come up with something original, or at the very least something new for ourselves.

Repeating the same Form the same way is the cornerstone of some schools,  the idea that to truly know something you must repeat it 10,000 times is set deep and hard into their ideology.

 This is a very Eastern way of thinking, in the West it has long been held that if you always do the same thing, you will always get the same result and to think otherwise is madness.

Thinking that we can grow by performing the same set of movements in the same way, for many hours a week, over many years, is hope, not training. 

The only thing we can hope to get from repetition is a repeat of what has already been done, already been learned, to move forwards we need to change, we need to approach the work from a different perspective, we need to do something different.

 This is called evolving.

Wing Chun is clearly defined by its principles, not its Forms, as long as we adhere to these principles we should allow ourselves to tear down the old and rebuild it, just like Lego, not just once but constantly.

 Even when we think we have discovered something amazing we should tear it down and rebuild it.  

In lateral thinking Dr Edward De Bono advises to find the best answer that you can come up with, he calls this the “First Best Answer”, and then discard it and begin again.

 The first best answer only looks like the best answer because it ticks all the present boxes, it does nothing that could tick the boxes of the future, solve the problems that we will certainly be presented with.

Learn the form, but seek the formless.

Learn it all, then forget it all.

Learn The Way, then find your own way. “THE SILENT MONK




Wing Chun fighters ALWAYS anticipate clever opponents.

What could be better than starting the New Year with some Old Advice?

There is a very big difference in the thinking on weight shifting between Wing Chun {in fact most Chinese Boxing} and Western Boxing, in Wing Chun etc when engaging an attack the weight is held in the rear leg and at most allowed to shift to a neutral centre position, squaring up, as we counter.

In Western boxing it is common to see boxers shift their weight completely into the front leg to the extent that they frequently change stances bringing the rear foot through to the front.

The reason is not as one might think to do with power production, even though the Boxers punch does have more power, it is in fact all about leverage, or to be more accurate what your opponent can do with leverage.

Western boxers do not need to worry about having their lead hand grabbed or pulled, something that would be a big problem if your weight is in the front leg, neither do they need to fear having their front, now supporting leg kicked or swept from under them. 

To a Western boxer there is nothing wrong in shifting your weight forwards, allowing your weight to cross your centre and shift to your other leg will create a huge amount of power, we should not kid ourselves Boxers are the best punchers in the world by a country mile, but it also places you at the mercy of a clever opponent.

Wing Chun fighters ALWAYS anticipate clever opponents.


Whatever Martial Art we may practice they are all nothing but tools when it comes to a violent encounter, a means to an end, how we deploy and use these tools is in reality of more importance than what the tool is, this aspect is rarely worked on at a training level, for good reason, it is hard to realistically deal with violence unless you use violence.  

What we can do however is to decide on a plan of action we would follow if we found ourselves in a position to make the first few decisions.

What shape would we adopt, what stance and guard?

Would we be still or moving?

Would we engage or respond?

There are many more approaches as I am sure you can imagine, does your training cover what you believe you would do?

The initial engagement would be something on the lines of the following.

Break the line.

Get offline.

Take the blindside.

What line are we talking about here?  It is the power line, and that comes from the opponents Shoulder if punching and Hip if kicking.

It doesn’t matter what shape of a strike is thrown the limitations of our bodies mean that all strikes will land in line with the Shoulder or Hip. 

Do I break the line of the attack by intercepting it outside of the line from my opponent’s shoulder to myself?

Or by pushing it across my body if it is already online?  

In short I do something that prevents the arm or leg from pointing at me.

I get off the line. By moving the intended target to a place that the arm is not pointing at, pretty much the same idea as the first but in this instance, I move me and not him.

I get out of the way. 

Wing Chun is a very Belt and Bracers type of art, so just in case, we would use a combination of both, step away as we redirect the strike, this is Chum Kiu.

To take the blind side the most important factor is to not affect the attacker’s body mass, we should allow the movement to complete itself as we dynamically place ourselves in a position that is to the side of and at least adjacent to the attacking arm. 

From here an attack from the opponents other arm is not possible, his other fist does not have access to a viable target, it is blind.

The attacker thankfully walks head first into our fist in this instance.

Choosing to step in towards the attacker or to stay put in front of them make all of these choices inaccessible.

Stance and guard choices. 

What is widely regarded as the Wing Chun Guard, both hands on the centre pointing at the attacker is not as effective as many would like to believe.

I know the thinking behind it, it forces people to throw round punches that are slower than straight punches. 

The thing is in street violence everyone throws round punches anyway, they do not need an invitation, setting up on the centre is setting up to allow the attacker easy access to his strength, his favourite attack, we would do better to make it more difficult.

The one-hand forward and one hand back idea needs a bit of scrutiny, for one thing, it is a lot weaker than having both hands level and requires constant maintenance against a mobile attacker or multiple attackers.  

Another consideration is that all boxers are taught from very early on to attack extended arms. That front hand becomes the first thing hit, and getting knuckled heavily on the back of the hand is enough to mess you up real good.

Stances can be really strong and stable, but in a street fight no one stands still, least of all the Bad Guy, all we need is balanced movement, forget stances.

Where there is only a choice between cowardice and violence, I would advise violence.” – Mahatma Gandhi




The road to simplicity is stacked high with little packages of Complex Over-complications.

I am in the process of writing a new Ebook so I am putting a few things out there just to see how they look.

Feel free to disagree.

In Wing Chun, we place a great deal of importance on simplicity.

Acting/Reacting with ‘simplicity’ is frustratingly difficult.

Simplicity is achieved, not developed, by the removal of un-needed complexity.

But before we can do this we need an overly complex view of what it is we wish to trim down, to simplify.

The good news on this front is that we all hold an overly complex complicated view of what a Martial Art is and does before we take up training.

From day one we have all the ingredients to begin the work.

But it can take many years to trim the fat of this Porker.

The road to simplicity is stacked high with little packages of Complex Over-complications.

From a Martial Arts point of view, what does it mean to act simply?

After all, there is nothing as simple or as practical as a short, sharp, straight jab to the nose or an unseen kick to the groin, something most untrained 7-year-old boys are well aware of.

Without meaning to preach, ‘Simplicity is achieved, not developed, by the removal of un-needed complexity.

Our goal is to unpack what we think we know to get down to what we truly know.

To get back to being that 7 years old boy.

And when we get there we realise that we already knew it and there never was anything to learn.

Taking away the clutter is just returning to fundamentals.

There is a lot of theatre in Martial Arts, a great deal of ritual and storytelling, this is how styles are remembered, how arts are passed on, this is how the work begins.

In a world where learning to fight was a way of protecting one’s life and not just a pastime or hobby the line between ritual and useable was clearly understood.

At least by the survivors.

Before progressing there is an understanding that we need to take on.

We will never use the things we train.

We will do very similar things in very similar ways, but nothing will be as we train it.

How ‘different’ does a movement/technique need to be to become a ‘different’ movement/technique?

How long is a piece of string?

To get out of trouble all we need is to think like a 7-year-old boy.