it is we will have to work with when the ‘Brown gets Airbourne’.

I am posting this video not to have a dig at the gentleman involved, but rather to shine a light into a dark corner.

I first put it up on my Clubs Facebook page, I know that a good many senior Wing Chun people, even Instructors with their own schools visit this page so I was hoping to start a genuine conversation.

Yeah, good luck with that.

Only one Instructor approached it critically and serious by firstly pointing out that the guy was way out of his depth just by being in the ring.

Gdonya Snowy!!!

Apart from that, it was the usual drivel.

I have one friend, who is also an Instructor, who claimed…

“I just get so bored by these videos”

…which is such a ‘sad and sorry’ thing to say.

How can anyone be “So Bored” by something that validates everything that we say and claim about Wing Chun, something that clearly shows what can happen when you cannot access the intelligence of our Fist Logic, something that on so many levels proves us right when we tell the haters to ‘go eat a dick’.

His comment was, to be expected, followed up with the default Wing Chun position of “Wing Chun is not intended for use in the Ring or Cage”!

Such a mountain of Bullshit it made my eyes water.

Watch some of Bas Rutten Pancrase fights {the forerunner of today’s M.M.A. but with fewer rules} where he just ‘Bitch Slaps’ the shit out of his opponents.

How does a “Bitch Slap” become more fit for purpose than the whole of Wing Chun?

If what you do can transfer force and deliver pain it is well and truly fit for purpose in the Ring or Cage.

But there is something in the Wing Chun Universe that is not fit for purpose in the Ring or Cage, and that, of course, is most of the worlds Wing Chun players, including “Yours Truly”!

Most of us are not fit enough, not fast enough, not robust enough and have little if any of the attitude it takes to engage someone ‘Mano e Mano’.

Why pretend otherwise?

We should embrace this and structure our expectations accordingly because…

“it is what it is’!

And it is we will have to work with when the ‘Brown gets Airbourne’.

Just before the “Lockdown”, I organised a sparring session with a local Karate School, I worked with my guys for about a month on how to spar with someone other than a fellow W.C. guy, what to look out for against a Karate player, how to use what they knew, how to use the things I had shown them, we worked hard and we were as prepared as we could have been.

When my guys started sparring there was no Wing Chun or at least none that I recognised.

At first, they would not believe me, but in the debrief they realised I was speaking the truth, but I was still really proud of them, they did as well if not better than I expected.

Been there, done that!

When I was a young boxer my coach would ask me after a fight “why did you not use what worked on for so long”?

I always thought that I had and that he was just a hard arse.

Go figure.

When we watch these videos, and we should, we should watch them all and watch them many times, we should give our Martial Arts cousin well deserved respect, understand that he is our equal, a fellow Priest of Mars kneeling at the same altar, dancing the same dance, singing the same song.

“Do we really think that this is what he trained for”?

“Do we really believe that this is what he wanted to do”?

We should not just slag the shit out of him, like ourselves he is digging a deep and lonely furrow.

One thing I think about this particular W.C. Master to some of the other W.C. Masters that found themselves in the same place is that this man took it to his opponent, he gave it ‘as good go as he could’, I just think that he was overwhelmed by the experience lack of ring experience, global video audience and all that crazy stuff and not necessarily the fight itself.





The commentary in this video is spot on in places, he talks about the Wing Chun Man losing his shape in the clinch, as we all know the final move in Biu Gee, the 3 Bows to Buddha, would not only get him back into a good shape but help him to a position that he could easily have won from.

As a Master level Tactician, he would surely know this, but that is the thing, knowing may be good, but doing is better..

Would we fare any better?

Personally, I do not think so, I would imagine that he will watch this video and weep.

We should approach these videos with respect and understanding.

If we are honest there is much we can learn from them.

All of these guys must have thought that they had a chance, why be involved if not, I also expect that they trained hard to get ready for the fight, harder than most Wing Chun Hobbyist does.

Which means they would be better prepared at that time than we are right here right now if we went out and got in strife.

This could so easily be us, so what should we be working on to do our best to not be ‘that Guy’?







I have Boxed, and I have raced Bicycles, looking back I was training the wrong thing all along.


If you came into my studio and hopped on my computer you would find anywhere from 8 to 28 articles in progress, writing down my thoughts and opinions are part of my training, they are how I try to push the envelope and expand my universe.

They are also my biggest tool toward attaining honesty.

When I am writing I just throw it all down, frequently these observations are extremely one-eyed, opinionated and I do nothing to filter this out.

At least not there and then.

I leave them for a few days and then come back to them with the metric of “do I believe this piece of writing, is it simple, clear and above all honest”?

Then I begin editing.

WHY ARE WE TRAINING has been ongoing for as long as I can remember, it has so many bifurcations that it is just not possible to keep it going in a straight line.

Why are you training?

Do you know?

Do you have objectives, genuine goals that you are striving for?

Do you know what the key ingredient is for your success?

Are you working to attain it?

As I get older, as I look back on 67 years of experience there are only a few things that ‘really’ stick out.

There were some things that I became almost obsessed with that just faded away and in retrospect, I understand why.

I was following the wrong breadcrumbs.

Experience is a great teacher.

No matter how old you are you have a wealth of experience that is pertinent to you.

COVID is making us all part-time philosophers so do it.


This is a little unrelated but perhaps something to think about.

After winning the 1986 Tour de France, Greg LeMond was asked…

Q. “What do you think was the main reason you won”?

A. I can hurt more than anyone else”.


Greg LeMond did not train to ride a bike, he trained to accept pain.


I have Boxed, and I have raced Bicycles, looking back I was training the wrong thing all along.







What we look for is what we will find.


How are we going at this strange, strange time, what does our training look like, where is our focus?

I think that many of us are taking a “Deep Dive” into the Forms, if not why not, what else can we do from 1.5 metres away from each other?

Let’s pretend we are all doing this, if only for the sake of this post.

What are we finding on this “Deep Dive”?

I think that by now we all understand that ‘what we find’ depends very much on ‘what we look for’.

So perhaps I should ask ‘what are we looking for and how do we approach the Form to find it’?

If we approach the Form to simply validate what we already know are we genuinely learning anything?

If we are it is certainly not anything new.

Looking at the Form in the same way as we have always seen it, the way we were taught it by our teachers turns it into nothing more than a record of our teachers thinking and as good as that may well be it is not our own thinking.

It may be a great place to start the journey from, but is it the best destination we can hope for?

Surely the goal for all of us, as it was for those that preceded us, is to transcend our teacher’s instruction, to cut the cloth in a way that fits us as individuals and not just try to walk around in another man’s clothes.

When taking a ‘Deep Dive’ into the Form {and by ‘the Form’ I am referring to the first three Forms looked at as one} there are a couple of caveats that we should keep front and centre, never ignore.

  1. Wing Chun Forms are not ‘Shadow Boxing’ Forms.
  2. The movement sequence of the Form is not important.

Caveat #1. Wing Chun Forms are not ‘Shadow Boxing’ Forms… Nothing at all in the Forms has a predetermined reason for being, a raison d’etre. A certain move may look like a Leg Sweep or an Elbow Strike, it may even be able to fulfil that task, but that is not the intention. Once we assign a specific job to any action from the Form we will not be able to see it as anything else, this reduces our options of how to use that particular piece of the puzzle, this is not how to get the best value from a concept.

Caveat #2. The movement sequence of the Form is not important The shape, sequence or patterns that we might see inside the Forms, up/down, forwards/backwards, left/right or whatever are non-existent manifestations that our brain creates to deal with the chaos of the world around us. There is no relevancy to the sequence, it is simply an aid to memory, a way of securing the information so that it does not get forgotten. There is no practical reason for any particular move to follow or precede any other move.

What we look for is what we will find.

If we are looking for answers we have a much better chance of a successful outcome if we ask simple, clear and concise questions of the Form.

If we are doing the Form and not asking questions it may be a very long wait for any kind of answer.

This is not about right or wrong, it is simply a method to find out certain things that we can, later on, decide for ourselves if they are right or wrong.

Question suggestions.

How does the Form answer us when we ask about Balance?

How does the Form answer us when we ask about Dexterity?

How does the Form answer us when we ask about Range of Motion?

How does the Form answer us when we ask about Weight Shifting?

How does the Form answer us when we ask about Dynamic Movement?

Many such questions will overlap, mostly reinforcing each other but occasionally contradicting each other.

It is these overlapping junctions that offer the most fertile ground to grow new IDEAs.

Spend some time there, camp out, dig in.

Fighting and Self-Defence may be looked at as two sides of the same coin but in reality, they are totally unalike, they require different approaches and different thinking.

How does the Form answer us when we ask about Fighting?

How does the Form answer us when we ask about Self-Defence?

There is no predetermined “Right Answer” to any of these questions, we are involved in exploration, not explanation.

Ultimately our answers, our final outcome, will depend on how far along the path to honesty we have progressed.


How does a Form answer us when we ask about surviving a violent encounter?

How does an Alphabet answer us when we ask about writing a novel?

How does a Music Scale answer us when we ask about creating a melody?



The clips in the video are taken from a normal Saturday training session, nothing was pre-planned, there were no do-overs or double-takes we just shot it ‘on the fly’.

When we do this the result is frequently a little long-winded, sometimes circuitous and maybe even a bit vague, and let’s not even start on the framing.

But the information is in there, some really good information if you have the eyes to see it and the mind to understand it.










We need to learn things that we can use today.


Though Sydney has opened up after the worst of the pandemic things are slow, quite a number of people are playing it safe and have not yet returned to training and to complicate things when they get here it does not resemble the training we were doing before the shutdown.

Teaching during this post lockdown time is taking all of us in unexpected directions, it is forcing us to think more and believe less.

This post is a thought exercise, well at least I think it is.

A quite surprising, at least to me, turn of events are that there are people that I know, who practice a style of Wing Chun that I do not believe is a working, practical Martial Art, who are suddenly interested in the reality of violence.


‘believe less’.

The three most important questions to ask if we hope to get a complete understanding of what we do are ‘WHY, WHERE and HOW‘ in that order.

Recently a couple of my students asked if we could dedicate a complete class, 2 hours, to kicking, no Forms, no drills, no Chi Sau.

No veg, no potatoes.

Just MEAT.

Just kicking.

I believe that if my students think they need to learn something in particular then I need to teach it to them, irrespective of their level of skill or where what they want to do sits in the system.

As well documented I teach a practical approach to Wing Chun, physical, not internal, so I take situations such as this seriously, we are talking genuine self-defence.

Get it wrong, get hurt.

These training events begin with me asking…

“Why do you think you will need to use this”?

Nothing goes ahead until this conversation takes place until opinions have been voiced and positions established.

Beyond a doubt, this is the most important, even a critical aspect of how we interface with our training, without this I do not think we can hope to achieve our training objective.

Not only does this question, or more accurately the answer to this question help us navigate our training but it also shines a light on our deepest and most personal thinking.

In my experience very few students, practically zero, in fact, have a plausible reason.

Mostly the answer comes around to some variation of ‘in case I ever need it’.

Their concerns are based on an irrational fear of a non-existent problem and not on real and present danger, everyone is learning things to ‘maybe’ use in the future.

I get it, we all think that shit can happen down the line, but shit could also happen tomorrow, we need a much narrower focus if we hope to deal with whatever tomorrow or beyond may throw at us.

We need to learn things that we can use today.

For the sake of brevity, clarity and to cover in advance all possible bases as we revisit the question, we could paraphrase it as…

‘why would we need to use violence’?

To work through this we would do well to have a scenario that contains at least a locally possible, genuine incidence of violence.

This approach should eliminate the “what if” type of question especially if the subject matter is driven by the students and not the school/business.

If the student has no personal experience with ‘street violence’ where does that scenario come from?

This becomes even more complicated and perilous when the Instructor has no personal experience of street violence, and there are many.

Why this approach?

Understanding the attack will dictate our response, and in doing so guide our training down a specific path.

If informed by genuine experience, while still imaginary, these training events are completely possible and have valuable learning outcomes.

“Only spend time learning things you genuinely believe that you will use”.

Fantasy techniques and spiritual influences have no place in a violent situation.

Why does that statement make me think of this one?


‘Never take a knife to a gunfight’.


To my guys, think about this and bring it up next time we are in each others company.

To guests of this blog, please feel free to engage in this conversation.









‘Sinking and Rising’ are not methods in and of themselves, rather they are ways to improve things we already know and trust.


This is a follow up to Saturday mornings training with Sam, Costas and George, something to help it all sink in [no pun intended].

Sinking and Rising is not bobbing up and down, it is not ‘ducking and weaving’ although if you watch early Mike Tyson you can see how he incorporated it, it is not accidental it is deliberate and purposeful.


The answer is two-fold…

  1. We sink so as to deliberately apply bodyweight to any defensive structure.
  2. We sink to enable us to Rise Up.



Again we have a two-fold answer…

  1. We rise to uproot an opponent and take his stability.
  2. We rise to increase the power of our attack.

‘Sinking and Rising’ are not methods in and of themselves, rather they are ways to improve things we already know and trust.









Simultaneous attack and defence is Wing Chun’s version of the “Schroedinger’s Cat” paradox.


Training is very different due to COVID 19 and the ensuing restrictions such as social distancing and limited personal contact, but as strange as things are I genuinely believe that looking back in a few years time the people that stayed engaged with their training will see this period as a great leap forwards.

At the moment our training has more words in it than kicks and punches.

Words are the tool we use to paint pictures in our mind that our brain relaxes in front of and studies.

These pictures can be fine, accurate and detailed, or they can be vague, abstract and suggestive but either way, it is up to each of us to return to them, again and again, to see if there is anything more we can glean from them.

I make an annual sojourn to the National Gallery down in Canberra to spend some time sitting in front of the Jackson Pollock artwork “Blue Poles”.

When I leave the gallery the world is a different place, or more accurately I am a different person.

Art changes how we view the natural world, a Martial Art changes how we view the martial world.

Geof Koons said that Art manifests in the fuzzy space between the artwork and the observer.

Accordingly, a Martial Art manifests in the fuzzy space between the attacker and the defender?

Simultaneous attack and defence is Wing Chun’s version of the  “Schroedinger’s Cat” paradox.

It only exists in the box we call drills such as Chi Sau, 4 corners and the like.

Once we open the box and reality presents itself it becomes one or the other.

It can never be both.

As a concept, SA&D is a powerful tool to dig deeper into what we do and how we do it, but it is just a concept.

We have been spending the last few weeks exploring the dubious world of attacking and defending, or as we like to think of it, issuing and accepting force.

The final analysis is that it is a myth.



This is not doom and gloom in any shape or form, as per usual we can find equivalencies in sport.

There are Table Tennis players that are described as aggressive and then there are Table Tennis players that are described as defensive, defensive players win by returning/using their opponents force not by creating/using force.

As we all know Wing Chun is a concept-driven Martial Art, having more time to ponder these concepts can never be a bad thing.

The issue is always language.

Or how we perceive language, and by extension communication.

Which of course aligns with how we perceive concepts.

The concept changes completely if we simply change the position of the words without changing the words themselves.

Issue the force.

Force the issue.

Very different stories.

Simultaneous attack and defence.

Simultaneous defence and attack.

Very different stories.

Accept force and issue force.

Let’s play with this and see where it takes us.










This semi-lockdown period is a perfect time to challenge ourselves, a time to step into the dark corners of what we do.

To seriously think about the unthinkable, and prepare ourselves for the one thing we all would rather not face.

Thinking about violence is not easy, it is uncomfortable and more than a little alien.

To a very large extent our training is non-violent, this raises some questions such as ‘Can there ever be an equivalence for violence in a non-violent setting’?

We need to find a way forward and the only way forward is through understanding much more than training.

All training is task-specific, what are we training for?

To be able to maximise our training to accomplish the task of responding to violence we need to have some IDEA about violence, how it happens, where it could happen and who is likely to cause it.

We do well to use our imagination to create templates of the kind of people we think we may be facing.

Facing a tall person requires a different approach than a short person, different techniques to provide answers to different questions posed by this person, the same goes with heavy or light people, fast or slow people, kickers, grapplers or any other stylistic method.

Thinking that a one size fits all approach can work requires a deep, deep understanding of what our training has taught us.

And a big bag of luck.

We should engage in the mental exercise of “Who will we be fighting” in this way we can form the basis of a plan that we can enact instantaneously the moment something happens and not be left like a Deer in the headlights.

There is another important aspect, a possibly more important aspect to be considered, and that is who will be doing the fighting?




Something I know from experience is that the body and mind that we inhabit during training is nothing like the one we will inhabit in a violent encounter, even in a Boxing or Judo Match everything changes, been there, done that.

There is a lot of talk in the Martial Arts about remaining calm, controlling our breathing, staying focused on the task at hand, all essential if we hope to get out in one piece but does our training give us any idea how to do this?

In my opinion, Traditional Martial Arts do not.

Do we have any clue as to how our body will react if we get hit in the face? When it happens in training everyone stops what they are doing to see if we are O.K. In a Street Situation, this is usually just the first shot of a barrage.

Will we be able to pull off our smooth moves as our heart rate hits the accelerator?

Here is a snippet from an article by Rory Miller, a man well worth listening to.

 “Note that this is a hormone-induced increase in heart rate. BPM increases caused by other things, such as aerobic workouts will not have the same effect. Also, be aware that a hormonal jump in heart rate can be almost instantaneous.

Here are the rules of chemical fear:

If you get scared enough that your heart rate goes over about 115 BPM, you will start to lose your fine motor skills. That means your precision grabs and locks are gone.

About 155 BPM, complex motor skills deteriorate- you lose your patterns, combinations, traps and sweeps.

About 175BPM, planning and thinking are severely compromised. You lose your near vision, peripheral vision and depth perception. Your hearing will deaden or be lost.

Above 175, if there is anything in your bladder, you will lose it. Most will freeze or curl up in a ball and wait for mommy to save them. Only the grossest of physical activity is possible- running and flailing.

In short, the more desperately you need your skills, the less you will be able to rely on them. If you ever hear or say or think, “If it was for real, I’d do better” know that it is a lie. When it is for real, you will do much, much worse than in practice. The belief that people improve under stress is a myth.”


Here is a link to the article… LINK 

It is well worth reading.

This passage should be taken to heart.

Note that this is a hormone-induced increase in heart rate. BPM increases caused by other things, such as aerobic workouts will not have the same effect. Also, be aware that a hormonal jump in heart rate can be almost instantaneous.

No amount of S.L.T. can control our hormones.





Knowing what we are doing is the first step to being able to use what we know.


One thing that is becoming very clear to me as we reopen for training is that so many Wing Chun Students, including some Senior Instructors, have a remarkably poor IDEA of what violence is.

This really is a serious worry because the only aim of Wing Chun is to deal with violence that is being acted out upon us, if we do not understand the nature of violence how can we ever hope to train to survive it?

Yes, due to COVID 19 these are difficult times, changes need to be made and adhered to, but what changes?

Even a complete idiot would tell you that you cannot teach a counter-attacking Close-Quarter Martial Art from a distance of 1.5M.

At this time practical Wing Chun must take a back seat, our focus should be on understanding the environment of violence, understanding the ‘mindset’ that leads to violence, and of the utmost importance the mindset needed to deal with violence, without this there is no Wing Chun.

I will expand on this over the next few posts and hopefully offer suggestions to take us forwards.

Even from 1.5M.


Let’s start here with an approach to attitude, and what it takes to develop the right type.


As Martial Artists, even if we are just a bit half-arsed, we all trust our training, and expect it to work if and when needed.

But what do we really expect the outcome of our training to be, do we even know?

For instance what ‘BOX’ does it live in?

From a biophysical standpoint, training is training, there is no difference between training to play a sport or training to defend ourselves from violence.

I personally find that my training fits perfectly in the all-round General Sports Box.

But so many of my Martial Arts friends and associates rail against this opinion.


Kung Fu is kick ass man, sport is just sport.


I believe that to become functionally effective it is, in fact, more beneficial to approach our training from a sports perspective, to embrace and include modern sports science, if for no other reason than to foster a lesser involvement of the Ego.

We are less likely to respond to a situational question with ‘I will just step in and hit him’, which we may well do in reality, but we cannot train for that.

Especially from 1.5Mtrs away.

All training is task-specific, it just is.

So what specific task is what we are doing preparing us for?

Is it enough?

Is it too much?

Is it just right?

Anyone with a schoolboys experience of sport is well aware that before playing we go through a routine using the same movements and actions as we may use in the game at an easier, softer, slower level of participation.

This allows the body to prepare itself for the greater demands to come.

We all know this as the ‘Warm-up’.

Anyone that has undertaken training to improve their sports capability knows that here as well we do similar movements and actions as we may use in the game but this time under increasing load.

Increasing weight, resistance and speed.

This brings about an overall physical improvement, this is the ‘Training Effect’.

The ‘Training Effect’ helps us to develop a higher power output for a lower effort input, hence the maxim ‘Train Hard, Play Easy’.

This also indicates that the environment we expect to use these skills, to be operationally effective in, is considerably more involved than a ‘Warm Up” but not as full-on as “Heavy Training”.

Traditionally in Chinese Martial Arts both the ‘Warm-up’ and the “Heavy Training” fall under the banner of Chi Kung while the operational aspect is, of course, Kung Fu.

On the face of it, Wing Chun does not have a Chi Kung component, everything is useable Kung Fu.

Sadly this is just spin, marketing, selling less for more.

How can we tell the difference between Chi Kung and Kung Fu in our Wing Chun training?

This a great deal more simple than you may imagine, and Simplicity is one of the central pillars of our ‘Fist Logic’.

If whatever it is we do is not aligned with our ‘Fist Logic’ it is not Wing Chun.

Similar is not the same.

Close, but no cigar.

The absolute ‘Central Pillar’ of our Fist logic is ‘Practicality’.

I have said elsewhere that there are only 2 important aspects to using Wing Chun effectively.

  1. We must not get hit.
  2. We must be able to accurately and powerfully hit our opponent.

If we defending against a genuine attack that is genuinely meant to harm us we are using Kung Fu.

If we are hitting our opponent with full focus and total commitment to finish this right here, right now we are using Kung Fu.

Everything else is Chi Kung.

This is not a bad thing, this is in no way a negative, it is in-fact an absolute and dynamic positive.

Knowing what we are doing is the first step to being able to use what we know.

The big test, the real goal in all of our training is to not allow our Ego to coax us into self-delusion, this starts with being honest about our training, what it is, what it can do for us but most importantly…









In our post COVID world, we are still more involved in the mental aspects of our training than the usual physical aspects, there is a lot more to be gained from this type of training if we know what to look for.

On Saturday the senior guys and I spent some time working on a video to expand on why what we do is not what we think it is.

How the learning objective of the things we are doing is not the things we are doing themselves and as such how the things we do are of little if any practical value.

How the fact that nothing we do will work if we try to use it and why this is not even the slightest of problems.

However, it was 6 days before my 67th birthday and I appear to have had a ‘seniors moment’ and forgot to press the record button.

This video is a preamble to the next video.



This line of thinking brings me back to one of my favourite maxims…


















If we try to deliberately make this happen it disappears like morning mist.


Social distancing means we are still working mostly on head stuff.

Nothing we are training is of any practical use.

If / when we get into a violent situation we will not even think about using Wing Chun we will only think about getting out of that situation in the best shape possible.

In a fight we will simply fight, only in training will we do Wing Chun, only in the training hall, never in the street.

But we know this.

Every man and his dog connected to Wing Chun will tell you that Wing Chun is a concept-driven Martial Art.

If that is the case then whatever we do physically, or energetically if you study ‘Internal’ aspects, are nothing but vehicles for the exploration and deeper understanding of the concepts.

Learning to understand things like not fighting force, not carrying weight, escorting what comes in, facing the shadow – chasing the shadow, embracing the economy of movement and the true reality of what it means to Counter-Attack.

Without a method to explore and experience these ideas, they will remain as just words.

Take adopting softness as an example.

The ultimate goal is not to be soft, come on get real what use is being soft in a shit storm, the goal is to avoid becoming stiff, learning how to not tense up under pressure.

Relaxation is not an ongoing and ever-evolving condition, relaxation is a method to disengage from overt tension in our body when we are placed under load, the tension that will slow us down and steal power.

In Wing Chun training we are rarely placed under load due to our misunderstanding of this concept.

Muscles have two states, tense and relaxed, if they are being used they are tense if they are not being used they are relaxed.

A relaxed muscle is turned off, we cannot use a muscle that is turned off, to believe otherwise is foolish.

Our idea of relaxing is out of context, as are so many things if they are looked at as being practical.

The majority of our training is Chi Sau and Forms.

Even the most one-eyed of Wing Chun students realise that neither Chi Sau nor Forms are intended for fighting, it is simply not their role in the system.

Can they inform and influence how we fight, of course they can, but they cannot teach us how to fight.

Many people pay lip service to the notion that ‘training is not fighting’ without having any genuine experience of fighting and as such no means of comparison.

My first 15 years in the Martial Arts were in the combat sports of Boxing and then Judo.

I have first-hand experience of the difference between training for an upcoming fight or match and turning up and fighting, it is huge and extremely dissimilar.

Living in Liverpool through the 1960s and 1970s meant that not all of my fights were in a ring or on a mat.

The fights that were not in a ring or on a mat turned out to have nothing in common with what happened in the ring or on the mat and were even farther away from what I was training.

I am really not too sure if I did anything in these street encounters that could be considered a result of my training.

The role of our shapes and movements is to expose us to the intelligence of Wing Chun, which is deep and wide.

Seek out the why and ignore the how, just like Master Wong it is bogus.

Once we find it it can never be lost.

Once we understand it we do not need to train techniques.

Once we become one with Wing Chun every single gesture has power.

If we try to deliberately make this happen it disappears like morning mist.