Combat Twerking.

Talking movement with Wing Chun people is always quite difficult, mainly because so few Wing Chun practitioners have any genuine experience with “Street Violence” to draw on that they can only go by what they have been told.

And what you get told changes with every Form.

Add to this that not many Students stay with Wing Chun long enough to explore Chum Kiu or the Dummy it means that most people’s opinions stem from what they learnt in Yee Chi Kim Yeung Ma so they have this perception that Wing Chun is Static.

This is compounded by the fact that for the first few years training is all Face to Face standing still.

There are good reasons for this type of training and many valuable lessons to be drawn from it, but surprisingly enough very few of the lesson have anything to do with Wing Chun and are in fact more about getting familiar with the basic dynamics of Violence.

If we adopt either the Box or the Ball idea from the pervious 2 W.C.W. posts it should be obvious that at the very least we move to try to keep up the same relationship with our attacker as I set up with my training partner.

If you are at Chum Kiu level then you would use the “SHIFTING” or “WAIST TURNING” to keep you in a place as close as possible to a set up that you train in.

This is very important.

Any movement that we make should be to place us in a position that will allow our Body to support our Arms, this is the highest understanding of Chum Kiu, there should be no thought of moving to increase power and equally no thought of moving to avoid contact, both of these aspects will be realised but it should not be why you move.

There is a misconception with some Students that Wing Chun practitioners step down the middle to engage an attacker, this would just create a Force on Force collision that goes against everything Wing Chun stands for, the justification for this is usually the Maxim “Wing Chun never takes a backward step” {and the somewhat crooked logic that turns it into if we do not go backwards then we must be going forwards}, if this was the case why is there a “Backwards Step” in the Chum Kiu and two sections of “Backward Stepping” in the Butterfly Knives Form and a “Backward Step” into the Cat Stance of the Pole Form?

Stepping Backwards correctly is something every Student should work at until it is second nature.

I mentioned earlier that you are told different things with different Forms, this is just common sense, what is the point of talking about how to move your Centre of Gravity if all your training is done in the Y.C.K.Y.M.

It would not make any sense and just cause confusion.

My own Sifu would often say that “You cannot create Forward Force if you are going backwards”, and this gets quoted to me from time to time by some of my contemporaries,  but in fact basic physics will show that this is incorrect.

But if your level of knowledge is pre Chum Kiu then the chances are that you do not move with anything like decent Body Unity and it is simply a ruse to prevent you from placing yourself in a weak position.

If you understand how to move in Unity if you make contact with someone who is advancing on you as you are going backwards the contact itself will force you into a Stable position and the attacker will impale themselves of your rapidly approaching fist.

This was Cassius Clay’s { Ali before he changed his name} bread and butter play, he would annoy his opponent to the point that they were almost chasing him around the ring and he would Jab them on the way in, their momentum would pin him to the floor and they would become the power in his Jab, their contact pushed him into a Solid Stance.

If you can do the Chum Kiu rear step imagine jabbing an advancing Foe as you land.

A great deal of Wing Chun training is done from a “Static” position, this is not a weakness, you can never have any idea where the Bad guy will put himself so to a large extent every place you train in is going to be wrong, this “Static” position, in fact the whole First Form, teaches us how to use our Arms in relation to our Centre, any movement we make should simply be to keep the relationship of my Centre to the Bad Guy, we just move the Ball so that it can do the same job as it would if I were still.

Stepping Backward takes on a completely different nature once you move away from the Central Axis idea that is typical of the First Form, if you allow your Axis to be in either the Left Leg or the Right Leg the backward step is now an arc, an arc that allow you to remove yourself from the line of attack and take any intercepted Limb with you but at the same time stay in Striking Distance of the Target with your Attacking Hand, without trying to step for power or step to avoid contact you do both.

Pivoting around a “Real Axis” that is your Leg is far, far more effective than pivoting around an “Imaginary Axis” that is the Centre Line.

But this is usually not introduced until the Knife Form.




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Analogies – are they any use at all?

Lets Ruffle some Feathers.

Lets Ruffle some Feathers.

I have been training in one form of Martial Art or another for over 50 years, in that time I have heard so many analogies that started off as being quite useful thought maps but ended up just being buzz words.

Float like a Butterfly, Sting like a Bee.

When people hear this they do not think Boxing, they think Ali, it is now a Buzz word for Ali and no longer brings up thoughts of mobility and direct action.

It has completely lost its Mojo.

Its use by date has come and gone.

As an Instructor I sometimes use analogies to try to get a Student to draw a Mental Picture from which they can then extract a feeling they can work with so that they can mentally and physically perform the task I want them to perform. It has some minor value.

In my experience when a student uses an Analogy he is simply using it as an excuse to justify why he is still  working on an old problem instead of engaging new ones.

Where am I going with this?

I quite simply do not understand why so many Wing Chun people obsess over the First Form, and I do mean obsess.

When I question them the most frequent answer is that “The First Form is the foundation of the whole system, and if you build a house with weak foundations it will collapse”.

They use the Analogy of building a house to learning a Martial Art.

 Déjà Poo {I have heard that Shit before}.

But is this analogy relevant?

Is this analogy trapping people inside their own fear of being tested?

Do people obsess on the First form because if they are still working on it it cannot be wrong – yet.

I took up Wing Chun in my late 30′s, I had over 30 years experience in other Martial Arts, what initially impressed me about Wing Chun was the almost complete absence of Bullshit, it talked the talk.

But it did not take too long before my seniors started with the Fairy Stories.

I was first given the house building metaphor when I asked why it would be 5 years before I was taught Chum Kiu and asked why everyone was so Gung Ho on the First Form, once enlightened I happily pointed out that there are literally thousands of Great Houses in Europe that are 400, 500 even 700 years old that where built with NO FOUNDATIONS.

This was soon changed to “it is not so much about foundations as when you lay the Bricks, if the first layer {Form} is wrong then everything will be wrong, so we make sure that we lay one layer {Form} at a time and get it totally right”.

This was hilarious, the person telling me this was a Public Servant who knew nothing about Bricks whereas I had actually worked with a Bricklayer and laid thousands of Bricks, when I pointed out that his explanation had absolutely nothing in common with how Bricks are actually laid he suddenly needed to be somewhere else.

I know what he was trying to say, but when you lay Bricks you do well to lay as many Courses as you can, the mass keeps everything true, single layers always twist.

By now it was not about the Bricks or the Forms, it was the fact that the Senior responsible for my training had no idea what he was talking about.

How could I take anything else he said seriously?

As Human Beings {a group I only just qualify for} we are more than happy to suspend reality, it gives us a break from our everyday routine, you only have to look at our Myths and Religions to see the truth of that, and do not ever get me started on the “Internal” aspect of Martial Arts, we love Fairy Stories, we all deeply want Magic to exist and we know that Kung Fu Sifu’s can fly.

But it is crap.

Analogies are not real experiences, they are imaginary, if you take them as being real then your training becomes imaginary and that opens the door for all manner of mysticism, Chi and Empty Force.

My Sifu, the late Jim Fung would very politely inform everyone that there was no such thing as “Internal Kung Fu”, there was only hard work and deep understanding of what it means to be a Human, since his passing even some of his most Senior Students are pushing the “Empty Force” Bandwagon.

As I have already mentioned I use analogies with my own Students, but as soon as they break through and begin to experience it as a human Body I get them to discard the analogy and develop a deeper understanding of where their own body is taking them.

An analogies working life in my opinion is at most 45 minutes.

As Instructors we have great influence on how our Students act and think, we have a responsibility to keep it in the Realm of the Real and to drag improvement out of people that come to us for assistance, even if it scares them.

It does not matter how long I spend thinking about it, my Head will never be the Flame of a Candle and my Shoulders will never be the melting Wax running down the side of the Candle.

But Head up – Body down is something I work with everyday.



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The defencive idea’s of the Wing Chun Ball are to a very large extent the core idea of Chi Sau, when something or someone makes contact with the “Ball” one of three things happens…

  1. The Ball rotates under the impact of the Strike, turning it away.

  2. If the Strike is very straight and pins the Ball then the Wing Chun Man rotates the “Ball” and turns the strike away.

  3. If the Ball is gripped or pinned in such a way that the “Ball” cannot be rotated then the whole “Ball” is moved to a new location {Chum Kiu}.

My defence says "Balls" to you.

My defence says “Balls” to you.



I am going to talk about the first 2 points, as these are the most common and the most misunderstood, I will address this from the Point of Contact, but this is a time thing so if you have seen the Strike coming the same “Ideas” operate just prior to contact.

With the 4 Box thinking any incoming straight strike was simply moved to an adjacent vacant Box, with circular strikes it is more useful to think of an Umbrella and segments, or the Wheel used to steer a Ship, and the idea that we either allow or cause the Umbrella / Wheel to rotate shifting the Strike to the next segment and of course on into emptiness.


It should be apparent that the interception of the strike is brought about by the rotation of the Body or the Arm at the moment of contact, or very, very shortly before contact, the part of you that makes contact is behind the “Force Front / Fist” and moving in a completely different direction, moving out to meet the strike just puts you both on the same path and creates a clash instead of a redirection, this is one aspect of Wing Chun defence that I see many people struggle with, they lack the trust in their training to allow the strike to come to them so that they can collect it and lead it into emptiness.

“Loi Lau Hoi Sung - Retain what comes in”.

Although there are numerous translations of this famous Wing Chun Maxim they all require that first we let the strike come in to us, you cannot Retain, Absorb, Escort or Lead something that you go out, meet and apply force to.

If you even remotely disagree with this you do not understand the subtlety of Wing Chun.

There is another equally famous Maxim from Chan Wah Shun that goes something along the lines of  “Ying Siu Bo Fa, Ying Fu Sung Yung – Structure Neutralises, Footwork Dissolves” that implies moving as contact is made {and absorbed} to dissipate incoming force.

We absolutely must allow the force to be accepted by the Ball.

As we practice Chi Sau Rolling we are building up a Mental Image of the Ball formed by our Arm Shapes as they rotate, many junior Students think that Chi Sau is about imposing your ideas on your partner, this is incorrect, most of Chi Sau would come under point 1 above,

  1. The Ball rotates under the impact of the Strike, turning it away.}

when our partner pushes our Ball it is his effort that causes the Ball to rotate, we simply keep the Ball in the way of his intention.

If our partner tries to trap us or hold us then as in point 2,

2.                      If the Strike is very straight and pins the Ball then the Wing Chun Man rotates the “Ball” and turns the strike away.

we consciously rotate the Ball so that he can not fulfil his intention, we do this by rolling the Ball away and not by trying to Roll over him, in this way the image above also refers to Chi Sau.





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An excerpt from the Ebook.



This is not as straight forward a question as it may seem, it is not possible to have a stock answer for this because that would mean there will only be one type of encounter against one type of person and you know that is unlikely.

If, however, you do not have some vague idea of the impending attack and attacker how do you evaluate what you are learning, how do you decide which areas of your own training should be worked on, improved and which just need maintaining.

Is your envisioned attacker short or tall, heavy or light, fast or slow does he want to dance or does he want to stand and deliver? These criteria change everything.

If, as a couple of my own Students have said before, you do not have any particular type of Foe in Mind you are just trying to get as many Tools as possible in your Survival ToolBox how can you ever know if you have all the right Tools, when is your ToolBox full and ready for Work, do you just keep stuffing in more Tools?
Never forget Hicks Law {the more choices you have the longer it takes to make any choice}.
The type of guys that like the ToolBox analogy tend to be Tradesman or Handymen, it is something that resonates with their everyday experiences. If you are this type of guy answer me this about a real Maintenance situation.

If a Nut or Bolt comes loose and it needs tightening immediately or the “Sh** will hit the Fan”, do you spend time measuring the Nuts and then track down the Perfect Wrench or do you use an Adjustable Wrench or Shifting Spanner? Does this choice have any different effect on the outcome of the Job?

All training is Bogus to a very large extent, we can see this clearly in other Styles but are often Blind by choice when it comes to our own Style. This only becomes a problem when you pretend that it is not Bogus, when you convince yourself that Air Punching will stop someone from getting to you.
In training most set up attacks are Feeds, we know what we are going to given and it is given to us in a way that we can deal with it, if we where not doing this it simply would not be training at all, we learn by doing the same thing over and over until we understand what is needed and can produce it at will, this is how Humans learn everything not just Martial Arts so there is absolutely nothing wrong with the method.
Out in the Martial Arts Training World there are a number of Scenario or Reality Based Training Systems that talk down Generic Feeds because they are unrealistic in todays Street Environment, they go to great lengths to tell you that you can never adequately train for a violent encounter, and they are correct, but their System will fail just as much as any system using Generic Feed Attacks for the very same reasons. Once we understand this, align ourselves in this direction then Generic Attacks are as good and effective a training device as anything Hardcore or Reality Based, as long as we never forget that what we will face will be some kind of Variation on a Theme.
I have known a number of highly regarded Army Trainers, one thing they maintain is that what you cover in training will never happen in Combat,this does not change the way the Army train so why should it change how we train.
All the same, do not overlook the fact that the Guy throwing Boxing shots at you during training is just pretending to be a Boxer, he is not a Boxer, he is only a training Partner and he is just guessing at what a Boxer may do, or what he has seen a Boxer do on Television, this does not make it valueless, if we do not have access to a Real Boxer we make the best of what we have, it is just a Training Method or Simulation, it worked in the past, it works today and it will work in the future, but it is a Simulation and not Real, the sooner we accept this and understand why it is different from what will happen the sooner we will become effective at dealing with Unexpected Variations in the Feed, and that is what it is all about, understanding that their will be Unexpected Variations in the Feed.

Tennis Players cannot possibly train for every Volley, Cricketers in the Slips cannot train for every Nick or Edge and Footballers cannot train for every Pass but when the need arises they succeed because they always knew there would be Unexpected Variations in the Feed, their Sub-Conscious Mind always contained that possibility. What is often called a fantastic reflex action in a sport is usually not reflex at all, the Sub-conscious Mind was aware and almost waiting for it.

Be aware of the things in training that are making it a “Training Exercise” as opposed to a real situation. In Training we will come accross some or all of the following things.
◆ The training Partner attacking you will be farther away from you than in the Street, this will make it easier to see, easier to choose your option and give you much more time.
◆ The training Partner attacking you will be moving much slower than he would in the Street, again this will make it easier to see, easier to choose your option and give you more time.
◆ The training Partner attacking you will not be using anything like the same force that they would use in the Street, if you make a mistake and get hit in training you just go over it again, in the Street a solid blow changes everything.
◆ The training Partner attacking you will be throwing a Generic Feed, even if they are Random you will of seen them all before, you will be experienced with the line of attack and have the perfect technique to counter it, in the Street the real attacker may not even be trained, they may not know what they are trying to do so the Strike could come from anywhere.
◆ The training Partner attacking you knows that you are not going to nail him so will have less regard for his own position, your counters will be easier to apply, in the Street even an untrained attacker will instinctively try to be in a position that is difficult for you to hit him.
◆ The training Partner attacking you is there to help you, he is there to be hit and as such will be either in the “Right Place” to be hit or moving down the “Right Line” to walk into your counter attack, in the Street this is very unlikely.
◆ The training Partner attacking you stays in the same place after the Simulated Counter – Attack making Combo’s and Follow Ups easy and successful, in the Street the act of hitting someone usually moves them and even if your hit does not move them their own Nervous system will.

These difference are something that we all have to deal with when training, even Professional Sports Fighters do not go full on, full contact in training.

Understanding why these difference are not only acceptable but also necessary can help us appreciate what it is we are learning, realise what things we can use and what things we need to adapt.

In the Martial Art that I teach we have a number of Close Kicks that attack the Knee or Lower Leg, potentially these Kicks can Break a Leg, and I have in the past heard Students say “and then I would follow up with a Stamp Kick and Break his Leg”, this is a very big call, in all my years I have never heard of anyone pulling this off and yet everyone at some time thinks it will work even though in training they have never even applied enough force to a partner to warrant an apology. But there is a way to train this, Break Sticks just like you would for a Camp fire or B.B.Q. If you watch someone trying to break Sticks for a fire it is usually very different set up to a Martial Arts Stamping Kick, but it works, try it, take a Tree Branch the same thickness as a Leg and try to snap it. The difference between this and your own training is the amount of adaptation needed to approach a successful Stamp Kick. Is the way you Kick a Football the same way as you apply a Groin Kick?

Or is the Groin Kick the way you kick a Pad?

In the original question I asked, “Who are you training to defend yourself from?” If we are using Generic Attacks then it would make sense that there is a Generic Attacker that is using these attacks, or at least a recognisable collection of attackers.
◆ Taller people will hit you from farther away {their own best working range, or Optimal Working Zone} and are far trickier to get inside of, they will usually kick first, and may very well be out of immediate striking Range as you defend their Kick so any counter strike will need movement, and then when you do strike the fact that they are on one leg will make them less stable, they will definitely move on contact, stealing your Power and negating a Combo.
◆ Shorter people will by necessity be much closer as they attack {their O. W. Z.}, it is hard to get inside someone that is already inside your space, they will be too close to kick effectively if you cannot control the space, and may of already compromised your Balance, moving back to create space or regain Balance {your own O. W. Z.} will prevent you from moving your Body Mass into them sacrificing power.
◆ Fast moving people will favour darting in and out of Range, they will use Combo’s and be more difficult to land an effective Strike on. Hitting a moving Target is very difficult if it has not been trained.
◆ Slower moving people will usually prefer to Ambush or Sucker Punch you than a straight face off, once fighting they may continually press forward and use powerful Strikes to counter their lack of Speed.
◆ Well-Conditioned people, on top of the above options these guys will be harder to injure or hurt because of their toned Bodies, Body shots may be less effective.
◆ Heavy or Fat people, similar to well-conditioned people will require intelligent Target selection, usually their weakness is their Legs, and they know it so they will close the space.

Your average attacker will have similarities to at least 2 of the above Stereotypes.

A Big Roundhouse Punch from a Quick Tall well Conditioned attacker will require a completely different response than the same attack from a Short, Slow and Fat person. In training we can change Partners to get some variation but can you cover the extremes? Find away to at least play with these differences even if they are nothing like the real thing it will allow you to become familiar with the potential differences, and often that is all it takes to be prepared.

We all have favourite “Fan Boy” techniques that amuse and excite us at training, usually they are impossible to pull of in the Street, hitting a Moving Target is way harder than hitting a Stationary Partner and it is going to be very difficult to pull off under pressure, hitting a Quick moving Small Target is going up a level and going to be very, very difficult indeed, Hitting a Quick moving Small Target with a Small Weapon, well I am sure you see how this is turning out so let’s forget all about Darting finger jabs to the Eye of an Advisory.


The Majority of people that train Martial Arts do not have extensive personal experience in Fighting, most of the assumptions of what a Street Situation will be like have no basis in reality, most of the knowledge that they are working from is only what they have witnessed, and that will overwhelmingly be either Competition Match Fighting or On Screen Movie Fighting, this is where they get their internal idea of what a fight looks like, no one does this deliberately it is just the way our Brains file away information, you see it everyday with New Students, they are trying real hard to “Look” like a Jackie Chan, a Bruce Lee or a Liam Neeson.
Movie fights need very clever people to set up the fight Scenes so that they look like a fight to the Camera, this usually means the Swings need to be bigger and slower so they do not blur, Punches that break Toilets in 2 or smash Tiles from the Wall hardly even bruise the Hero, and it takes an Atomic Bomb of a Combo to eventually put down the Bad Guy, even then he is likely to come back for one last futile gasp of an attack, and the Hero comes out with a Band Aid on his nose or an Arm in a sling.
Match fighting is at one level Entertainment, and no one likes to pay good Money for a fight that is over in 5 seconds, both of these set up fight situations unconsciously have you thinking there will be time to get the Job done, there will not, Street events are over in a Matter of Seconds, even if the beating goes on for minutes there was no doubt about the outcome after the first 5 seconds, they unconsciously have you not connecting to how bad it feels when someone Punches you in the Face.


Firstly you need to change what you think a Street Situation will be all about, it may shake your conviction for a while but once the dust settles and you accept that this was the way it always was anyway you will be training for something a lot more likely to happen.

Secondly, if Street Situations only last 5 seconds you need to be the one finishing it in 5 seconds, do you train to put people away, or at least do you incorporate putting your attacker down and pissing off.

The Nike defence has saved many lives, do you add it to your own training, do you actively have an exit strategy to use after you have dropped your best moves on a Bad Guy?


So here we are it has all kicked off and you are deep in the middle of the one thing you never wanted to be in the middle of, being in the middle is easy, the Bad guy decided that, but how do you end it?
What is a Win?
Does pushing him on his Ass and running away count as a win?
If it doesn’t will you allow yourself to take this option?
There is plenty of advice available on the Internet about the importance of “Fighting to the Goal” but how do you know what the Goal is when you are in the middle of somebody else’s Sh*t Storm?
If in your own training the usual procedure is for you to do your stuff and then stop and let your Partner have his turn then guess what, that is the Goal of that training exercise, that is the Goal you are fighting to here and now, the Goal was to finish your attack and allow the other Guy to have a go.
In training if you do something wrong, use an improper Strike for the Combo or use it in a different sequence what do you do, do you carry on regardless to the Goal or do you stop and replay it. If you stop and replay then the Goal is perfection and not punishment.
Can a Strike really be delivered from too close, too far or be wrong in any way if it connects with the Target in such a way that it compromises the Targets defence and allows you to follow up with more Strikes?
Nothing is automatic, we need to give our Sub-conscious Mind some very clear options if we wish it to not only choose for us under pressure but choose wisely. If you do think that pushing people over and pissing off is actually quite a good Win then you need to put it into your training, always finish with a Goal achieved and acknowledge it to yourself before you give your Partner his turn, and encourage your Partner to do the same, because in doing this you remind yourself that the other Guy has a Plan as well, and it was to hurt you.

One last time,


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At the Heart of Wing Chun is the the idea of not opposing force, we do not ever BLOCK incoming strikes we choose to REDIRECT them, to help them miss their intended Target, namely us.

Many Instructors talk about the 6 Gates, upper, middle and lower on each side of the Body, but in reality if you have been attacked pretty much without notice {and by now you should be well aware that I believe that this is where we will be called upon to use our training}, the lower gates are surplus to requirement, you are unlikely to have seen any kicks coming in, and once a fight is underway kicking is rarely used, I will go into this some other time but people will start a fight with a kick and most certainly kick the Sh*t out of you if you fall down but very, very, very few people engage kicks in the body of a fight, so all we really need to be concerned about are the upper 4 Gates, this was taught to me over 50 years ago by my Uncles as the 4 Box’s, and it was taught to them as part of their C.Q.C. Training in the British Royal Marines so I am not trying to claim any credit for these ideas.

It is a more practical application of the 6 Gates idea.

In the Gate system, as explained to me in a couple of Chinese Styles and not only wing Chun, the emphasis was on filling the space with an Arm Structure to prevent the opponent from being able to hit you, if your shape was correct then it would automatically redirect the incoming strike, I personally always found this explanation a bit “Hit and Miss” , even in training it would break down once your partner stopped being as helpful as you may expect from a Kung Fu Brother, it appeared to leave way too much to chance and hope, as a result I did not really develop any confidence in it, in my Uncle’s Box System you where far more pro active, it focused on what to do with anything that entered the space in a more dynamic fashion.

My Sifu, the late, great Jim Fung.

My Sifu, the late, great Jim Fung.


The general idea is that you quite simply move anything from one box into another box, this is a fluid idea not a one size fits all idea, if I am attempting to move a strike from one box to another and encounter resistance I simply move to a different box, in extreme situations this idea does not even need you to use Wing Chun, it is however Simple, Practical and Direct.

Often Students will struggle in training because they tend to try to successfully perform a Technique instead of trying to successfully achieve and outcome, changing your focus to the Box System can help you make needed adjustments on the fly and through these adjustments discover a deeper understanding of Chi Sau.

A Scenario to visualise what I mean about its relationship to Chi Sau could be that you intercept a Strike coming at you through “A”, you use your Bridge Arm {Chum Sau} to move the Strike into “B” but encounter resistance so you engage your Jut Sau {Dan Chi Sau movement} dropping into “C” but again meet resistance {obviously you are rolling with your Sifu here} so you use Huen Sau and waist turning to bring it into “D”.

If the Box is full simply put that stuff in another Box, there is no need to use strength or effort to cram it in.

It may appear that this system is only useable against straight strikes, that it cannot be used against Big Wide King Hits, this is not correct, concepts live or die by your own interpretation, any limitations that you think a concept has are in fact just your own limitations, limitations of your imagination, but it is easier to explain our defences against Circular Strikes with circular analogies so I will do this next week.

In application against genuine strikes do not constrict yourself by using the usual responses, “A” to “B” can utilise Tarn Sau, Reverse Tarn Sau, Bong Sau, Pak Sau, Reverse Pak Sau or even a Side Slash or a simple Woo Sau with Waist turning, once you focus on the destination and pay less attention to the journey you may just find that there is a far more suitable and infinitely simpler way for you to achieve your goal.

This will totally open up your understanding of your own training no matter what stage of development you are currently at.




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